Located on the East coast of Africa. Mozambique was a Portuguese territory. The first stamp being produced in 1877, with the same key type design of the Portuguese crown as used elsewhere in the Portuguese colonies & territories.

In the 1890s, Mozambique stamps were issued for Lourenço Marques, Inhambane, and Zambezia, for use in each area. In 1898, King Carlos I was the subject of a lengthy series, which by 1903 numbered 23 colours and denominations. The variety of “REPUBLICA” overprints were made after the 1910 revolution on current and previously-unissued stamps depicting Manuel of Portugal. In 1913, separate stamps were issued for Quelimane and Tete areas, all areas sharing the same Ceres design. Issues for these areas ended in 1920, in favour of stamps valid throughout Mozambique. Various expediencies required a variety of surcharged stamps throughout the 1920s. In 1933, the Lusiad issue became standard, followed by the Empire issue in 1938.

Military mail can be found from forces during WW 1 and are highly sought after.